Macular Degeneration

This eye disease is among the top causes of vision loss for Americans, and eye doctors are at the forefront of diagnosing and treating it. If you're living in Conroe, TX, and are concerned about this disease, read on for information about the causes, symptoms, and treatment options. Visit us at Today's Vision Conroe.

Macular Degeneration

What Is Macular Degeneration?

The macula is the part of the eye responsible for sharp, central vision. When it deteriorates, it may be able to be classified as this eye disease. It often affects older adults and can lead to a loss of central vision, making everyday tasks like reading and driving difficult or even impossible.

Most people get the dry variant. It happens when tiny clumps of a protein called drusen build up. These clumps can eventually cause the macula to thin out and break down, resulting in central vision loss.

Others can get the wet variant, which is less common, and occurs when abnormal blood vessels start to appear under the macula. These vessels can leak fluid or bleed, damaging the macula and causing central vision loss. The we type is more serious as it can quickly lead to vision loss.

What Causes Macular Degeneration?

The exact cause is unknown. Still, some risk factors can make you more likely to develop the disease, including:

  • Age: This eye disease is most common in adults over the age of 60
  • Family history: If someone in your family has it, you're more likely to develop it
  • Smoking: Cigarette smoking doubles your risk of developing it
  • Obesity: Being overweight increases your risk of developing it
  • High blood pressure: Having high blood pressure can damage the small blood vessels in your eyes, increasing your risk
  • Cardiovascular disease: Conditions like heart disease and stroke can increase your risk

What Are the Symptoms?

The symptoms can vary depending on the type and severity of the disease. In general, people may experience:

  • Difficulty reading or doing other activities that require fine vision
  • Blurry vision
  • Difficulty seeing objects clearly at a distance
  • Straight lines appearing wavy
  • A change in the color of your eyesight

If you experience any of these symptoms, you should see an optometrist. Early diagnosis, screening, and management or treatment can be important for preserving vision.

Treatment Options

There is no cure but some methods can help slow the progression of the disease and preserve vision. If you have the we variant, an optometrist on our team may recommend:

  • Injections: Drugs that stop the growth of abnormal blood vessels can be injected into the eye. These injections need to be given every few weeks or months, and they can be costly.
  • Laser surgery: A laser can be used to destroy abnormal blood vessels or seal them off to prevent them from leaking. This surgery can be effective, but it carries a risk of vision loss.

Visit Us for Screening and Management

If you have this disease, it can be important to see an optometrist regularly so he or she can monitor your condition. Early diagnosis and eye care can be important for preserving vision. Get in touch with us at Today's Vision Conroe in Conroe, TX, to schedule an appointment. Call us at (936) 788-2600.


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